Generative Design Systems 

The GDS I have been using in both research and application are based 
on principles found in Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) science.  

CAS based systems are characterized by the use of a simple set of 
primitive entities and a small set of rule of relationship and 
interaction of these entities.

In most cases my work in this area involves one flavor or another of 
simulated bioligical models to provide robust and novel successive 
refinement of results..

(the following are photographs of some 3D printed design prototypes created using 
my generative processes. Printing is in either a fine  detailed translucent  plastic 
or in the case of the last two shown wax then further processed into a lost-wax 
casting of metal.)